Ethics, or moral philosophy, contemplates the systematic analysis, defence and recommendation of the concepts of right and wrong behavior. This concerns matters of value and Ethics seeks to resolve questions of human morality by defining concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, justice and crime. Ethics can also refer to a common human ability and generic capacity to think critically about more general ethical problems. Three major areas of study within ethics recognized today are: Meta-ethics


Assertiveness is a skill allowing individuals to be able to stand up for their own or other people’s rights in a calm and positive way, without being either aggressive or passively accepting “wrong”. Assertiveness enables individuals to act in their own best interests, and to stand up for themselves without undue anxiety. Individuals who are high in assertiveness don’t shy away from defending their points of view or goals, or from trying to influence others to see their side. They are open to both compliments and constructive criticism, without denying the rights of others. Assertiveness is often seen as the balance point between passive and aggressive behaviour.


Commitment is the skill or act of binding oneself (intellectually and/or emotionally) to a course of action, an idea or a system, a pledge or engagement with sincere dedication. It is considered a cornerstone of human social life. Three very important considerations or pillars apply in its pursuit, namely motivation, implicit commitment and level of personal development.


Responsibility means you do the things you are supposed to do and accept the results of your actions. A responsibility: something you are expected to do. Being responsible: doing the things you are supposed to do. Accepting responsibility: facing up to the consequences of our actions or decisions. Consequences are the results of our actions or decisions. Responsibility refers to the obligation to perform a certain task or comply with the rule; accountability implies answerability for the outcome of the task or process. Responsibility is imposed (obligation) whereas accountability is accepted (moral question).

Cultural Tolerance

In the United Nations’ “Declaration of Principles on Tolerance,” tolerance is defined (Article 1.1.) as “respect, acceptance, and appreciation” of cultural diversity and ways of being human. Cultural tolerance can be seen as the ability of global leaders to endure and/or manage subordinates from different cultures towards accomplishment of common or organizational goals and objectives. Tolerance isn’t just synonymous with respect, it also means acceptance and appreciation of the diversity of our world’s cultures. It is the catalyst that opens people’s minds to understanding others and embracing our differences so we can complement each other and contribute towards a common greater good.


Loyalty, general term that signifies a person’s devotion or sentiment of attachment to a particular object, which may be another person or group of persons, an ideal, a duty, or a cause. Loyalty is usually seen as a virtue, albeit a problematic one. It is constituted centrally by perseverance in an association to which a person has become intrinsically committed as a matter of his or her identity. Its paradigmatic expression is found in close friendship, to which loyalty is integral, but many other relationships and associations seek to encourage it as an aspect of affiliation or membership: families expect it, organizations often demand it, and countries do what they can to foster it. Loyalty stands as an important quality that will allow you to develop a stronger emotional connection with the people around you. It helps other people feel assured about you when they know you can commit to things, and you won’t leave them halfway through.


A person with integrity has the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles. Integrity implies trustworthiness and incorruptibility to a degree that one is incapable of being false to a trust, responsibility, or pledge. Integrity implies someone is not open to corruption. Such a person is dependable (people can rely on you and that you keep promises), loyal (important when aligned to groups or organizations or even your own ideals), honest, has good judgement and shows and demands respect.


Respect means that you accept somebody for who they are, even when they’re different from you or you don’t agree with them. Our personal definitions of respect are influenced by our personality, emotions, preferences, and cultural context. Respect in your relationships builds feelings of trust, safety, and wellbeing. Respect doesn’t have to come naturally – it is something you learn. It implies an attitude of deep admiration for someone or something stimulated by their abilities, qualities, or achievements.


Tolerance is a virtue associated with a capacity to endure discomfort or hardship following one’s own decision or act of allowing a sympathy or indulgence for beliefs or practices differing from or conflicting with one’s own. It is a version of the golden rule that, insofar as we want others to treat us decently, we need to treat them decently as well. It is also a pragmatic formula for the functioning of society, as we can see in the omnipresent wars between different religions, political ideologies, nationalities, ethnic groups, and other us-versus-them divisions.